Price Action with Single Candlesticks.

Dimitrios Gourtzilidis
3 min readApr 1, 2023

Continuing from “your starting guide on price action and Japanese candlesticks”, in this article we are going to start building our price action toolkit with our first single candlestick recognition and meaning.

The image has been taken from

Trend Bars versus Trading Range Bars

Al Brooks in his book “Reading Price Charts Bar by Bar” start by defining the two different types of Japanese candlesticks by saying that “every bar is either a trend bar or a trading range bar”.

The trend bars have a body that is at least half the size of the overall bar and it shows either a bullish or bearish tendency.

The trading range bars are closer to what it would be defined as doji, where the buyers and the sellers came to an almost equilibrium and thus the candlestick doesn’t show any direction tendency.

Since no candlestick is an island, other candlesticks on its left would provide context on the nature of the candlestick under research.

Al Brooks characterizes also the wicks of the candlestick as “failed breakouts”. The candlestick had the tendency to follow a direction but it failed and it failed behind.

Hammer, Inverted Hammer, Shooting Star & Hanging Man